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New Line Cinema logo (1986-1987)

New Line Cinema logo (1986-1987)

New Line Cinema is an American film production studio of Warner Bros. It was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye as an independent film distribution company, later becoming a film studio. It was acquired by Turner Broadcasting System in 1994; Turner later merged with Time Warner (now WarnerMedia) in 1996, and New Line was merged with Warner Bros. Pictures in 2008.[1] Currently, its films are distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures.

History leading to CrittersEdit

New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the then 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness, which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line also released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are, Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (which became the first New Line film to win an Oscar).[2] The studio has also released many of the films of John Waters.

In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, Stunts (1977), directed by Mark Lester. Although not considered a critical success, the film performed well commercially on the international market and on television.[3] New Line then produced or co-produced three more films in 1981 and 1983; Alone in the Dark, Xtro and Polyester, directed by John Waters. Polyester was one of the first films to introduce a novelty cinema experience named Odorama, where members of the audience were provided with a set of "scratch and sniff" cards to be scratched and sniffed at specific times during the film, which provided an additional sensory connection to the viewed image.[3]

A Nightmare on Elm Street was produced and released by New Line in 1984. The resulting franchise was New Line's first commercially successful series after a devastating financial slump, leading the company to be nicknamed "The House that Freddy Built". The film was made on a budget of $1.8 million and grossed over $25.5 million at the United States box office. It was the first film to feature the actor Johnny Depp. A year later, A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge was released, and grossed $3.3 million in its first three days of release and over $30 million at the domestic box office. A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors was released in 1987, and grossed more than any previously released independent film and went on to make almost $45 million at the US box office.[4]

In November 1990, New Line purchased a 52% stake in the television production company RHI Entertainment (now Sonar Entertainment), which would later be sold to Hallmark Cards. In May 1991, New Line purchased the home video and foreign rights to 600 films held by Sultan Entertainment Holdings (aka Nelson Entertainment Group). The deal also included an 11-film distribution deal with Turner subsidiary Castle Rock Entertainment. On November 27, 1991, New Line purchased Sultan outright.[5][6]

Film seriesEdit

Title Release date Notes
A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984–present
Critters 1986–present
House Party 1990-present
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1990–1993 co-production with Golden Harvest

ReferencesEdit

  1. "History of New Line Cinema, Inc. – FundingUniverse". http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/New-Line-Cinema-Inc-company-History.html. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  2. Collins, Keith (August 22, 2004). "A brief history". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117909431.html?categoryid=1757&cs=1. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "New Line Cinema : About Us". Newline.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03. https://web.archive.org/web/20120103091820/http://newline.com/aboutus.html. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  4. "New Line Cinema : About Us". Newline.com. http://www.newline.com/aboutus.html. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  5. "Nightmares, Turtles And Profits". 1991-09-29. http://www.businessweek.com/stories/1991-09-29/nightmares-turtles-and-profits. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
  6. "COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: TURNER BROADCASTING SYSTEM INC" (TXT). https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/100240/0000950144-94-000832.txt. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 

SourceEdit